Clinical Practice Guideline: Outpatient Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Osteoporosis in Women

Brief Description:  Osteoporosis is a disorder of the entire skeleton characterized by decreased bone mass and bone quality, which compromises bone strength leading to an increase in fracture risk.

Consequences of fracture include loss of Mobility (i.e. permanent use of cane, walker, wheelchair), Independence (i.e. moving into a residential facility),  Participation in favorite activities,  Life (i.e. greater mortality)

Thus screening with a Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) may identify patients with osteoporosis and low bone density who are at risk for osteoporotic fracture and recognizing a history of fragility fracture identifies those at risk for second fracture. Clinicians can then offer strategies for primary and secondary fracture prevention