Clinical Practice Guideline: Refractory Hypoxemia

Brief Description:Acute respiratory failure attributable to either severe acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a challenging medical condition that requires the rapid escalation of medical therapy. The guideline discusses various interventions and procedures that can be utilized to treat refractory hypoxemia such as prone ventilation, inhaled vasodilators, high-frequency ventilation (HFOV), and extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).The guideline also provides a decision tree, that when implemented, provides the highest likelihood of eliminating refractory hypoxemia by the most efficient means possible.