Plant Varietal: Spelt- Certified Spelt: Champ
CHAMP is a variety of winter spelt developed at the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Although a few varieties of spelt were developed in the early part of this century, none appear to exist in recent years. Local collections made in the 1970’s do not fit the early published descriptions of improved varieties; thus, they have been referred to as “common” spelt. Champ, the first public variety released in recent decades, is the progeny of a wheat-spelt cross. At the end of the 1985 season Champ had been tested in a total of 15 trials over 5 years and has out yielded common spelt by an average of 23.2%. Champ is an awnless, brown chaffed cultivar with approximately the same maturity and equivalent winter hardiness as common spelt. The variety is slightly taller and has considerably improved straw strength. Champ possesses very good resistance to leaf rust but is only moderately resistant to powdery mildew. It also appears very resistant to wheat spindle streak mosaic virus (WSSM). Protein content of Champ has consistently been 1 to 1.5% higher than common spelt.
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